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I would like to extend my abiding thanks to my colleagues at Haverford College for their support, in particular Sydnor Roy, who allowed me to eavesdrop on her Elementary Latin students as they used this commentary. Instructors too numerous to thank by name have made suggestions and caught errors. Students in Latin classes at Wheaton College and Haverford College made suggestions on early versions of the commentary and proved by experience those aspects of Nepos’ text that needed clarification. Haverford students Florencia Foxley, Eliana Kohrman‒Glaser, Carman Romano, Emma Mongoven, and Hannah Silverblank made significant contributions to editing the commentary, as well as developing vocabulary lists and other supplemental resources. Laurie Allen (Coordinator for Digital Scholarship and Services), Michael Zarafonetis (Digital Scholarship Librarian), Margaret Schaus (Lead Research and Instruction Librarian), and Julie Coy (Visual Resources Librarian) contributed indispensable expertise throughout. Support for the development of this book was provided by Haverford’s Office of the Provost and the John B. Hurford ‘60 Center for the Arts and Humanities.

Maps were adapted from Map Tiles, Ancient World Mapping Center © 2015 ( Used by permission.

This printable edition has been adapted from the digital edition prepared for the Dickinson College Commentaries Series which is freely available online at

The Latin texts of Nepos’ Preface and the Life of Hannibal are based on that of J. C. Rolfe’s Loeb edition (1929). In addition to minor alterations to the punctuation of the text, two changes have been made in accordance with the judgment of Marshall 1977: in 4.3 nimium is read for etiam tum; and in 9.3 omnēs suā pecūniā for omnī suā pecūniā. To avoid unnecessary confusion, servulīs is read for servolīs in 8.2 and Prūsias is read for the analogous Prūsia in 12.3. Macrons have been added to the text in accordance with the quantities found in the Woordenboek Latijn/Nederlands (2011, 5th revised edition).

Bret Mulligan, Haverford College, May 2015