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© 2015 Bret Mulligan

The text of this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the text; to adapt the text and to make commercial use of the text providing attribution is made to the author (but not in any way that suggests that he endorses you or your use of the work). Attribution should include the following information:

Bret Mulligan, Cornelius Nepos, ‘Life of Hannibal’. Latin Text, Notes, Maps, and Vocabulary. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers, 2015.

Recordings © 2015 Christopher Francese

The recordings embedded in this volume are licensed under a Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license (CC BY-SA 4.0). This means that if you remix, transform, or build upon the recordings, you must distribute your contributions under the same license.

Further details about CC licenses are available at

Please see the list of illustrations for attribution relating to individual images. Every effort has been made to identify and contact copyright holders and any omission or error will be corrected if notification is made to the publisher. For information about the rights of the Wikimedia Commons images, please refer to the Wikimedia website (the relevant links are listed in the list of illustrations).

In order to access detailed and updated information on the license, please visit

All external links were active on 25/09/2015 unless otherwise stated.

Digital material and resources associated with this volume are available at Mulligan’s commentary is also available online at

ISBN Paperback: 978-1-78374-132-8

ISBN Hardback: 978-1-78374-133-5

ISBN Digital (PDF): 978-1-78374-134-2

ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 978-1-78374-135-9

ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 978-1-78374-136-6

DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0068

Cover image: Sébastien Slodtz, Hannibal Barca Counting the Rings of the Roman Knights Killed at the Battle of Cannae in 216 BC (1704).

All paper used by Open Book Publishers is SFI (Sustainable Forestry Initiative), PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes) and Forest Stewardship Council(r)(FSC(r) certified.

Printed in the United Kingdom and United States by Lightning Source
for Open Book Publishers (Cambridge, UK).