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Index

Accademia 3, 14, 5860, 87, 9091, 9395, 97, 101, 209, 237, 279, 281

Adams, John Quincy 127

aesthetics 23, 5, 6263, 65, 68, 81, 84, 89, 91, 97, 100, 103, 129131, 134, 136, 139140, 149, 151156, 159, 161162, 191, 193194, 196, 201, 211213, 217, 224225, 227, 243, 245, 247, 249, 251, 298299, 301305, 310, 314

Afinoguénova, Eugenia 211212

Alberti, Leon Battista 326, 330

altar 1416, 49, 57, 59, 125126, 132, 138, 235236, 255, 265, 280281, 283, 289, 312, 326327

America, American 1, 34, 2526, 2933, 3539, 55, 5960, 62, 6869, 107, 109113, 115, 117119, 122123, 127, 129135, 137140, 149, 151152, 154, 157159, 161, 190, 201205, 211213, 215219, 225, 240249, 251252, 254256, 259, 261264, 268269, 271, 274, 277, 282, 284288, 292, 294, 298, 300301, 303, 313, 315317

Amsterdam 54, 103

Angerstein, John Julius 168169

Anticollegio 7980

antiquities 5, 151, 207, 292

antiquity 205, 242, 246248, 293, 304

architect 4, 50, 56, 81, 83, 110, 126, 129, 138140, 154, 157158, 160, 174, 177179, 185, 191, 232, 236, 304, 320, 326

architectural 50, 90, 157158, 177178, 180, 184, 214, 229, 251, 288, 320, 323, 330

architecture 76, 80, 102, 145, 158, 178180, 191, 326, 329

arc lighting 28, 32, 34, 3637, 39, 299

Argand lamp 118, 257

art 56, 1011, 2527, 3233, 3637, 39, 48, 5556, 58, 6062, 65, 67, 8385, 8991, 9397, 101, 103, 112, 119123, 129137, 139141, 143144, 146, 148151, 153159, 161163, 167170, 172, 174, 177, 179180, 182, 185, 187, 190, 194199, 203204, 212213, 217219, 223, 225227, 229, 231233, 236, 243, 245, 247249, 251253, 255256, 261, 263264, 267268, 271, 274277, 279, 282287, 292294, 297304, 311, 313, 315316, 318, 321322

artificial lighting 34, 2526, 28, 34, 97, 167, 171, 218, 226

artist 2, 10, 1314, 22, 2627, 43, 54, 56, 58, 62, 68, 72, 81, 85, 8889, 91, 9395, 99, 102, 110111, 114115, 118120, 122125, 127, 134, 136, 138, 140, 150, 152, 154, 156157, 172, 190, 194195, 201, 204205, 211, 213, 231, 233, 235, 241243, 247248, 250, 253, 255, 269, 274275, 277279, 286, 288, 299, 301, 321, 324, 326

Asia, Asian 142, 151152, 157

Athens 137, 157

Atlantic 32, 118, 132, 137, 240241, 244, 252, 315

Austen, Jane 189

Austria, Austrian 66, 8081, 101, 168

Baltimore 2, 64, 109110, 112115, 118119, 206, 215, 246, 255256

Balzac, Honoré de 100101

Bandini, Fernando 5, 318

Bank of England 178, 181

Barbantini, Nino 56, 6869

Baroque 135136, 320

Bartolomeo, Michelozzo di 93, 235

Beaufort, Caroline de 100

Beckford, William 179

Belin, Jules-Léonard 36, 101

Bellini, Giovanni 58, 60, 9395, 136, 281, 328330

Bencivenni, Giuseppe Pelli 226228

Bercovitch, Sacvan 130131

Berenson, Bernard 141142, 236

Biblioteca Marciana 68, 80, 83

Bierstadt, Albert 123, 127

Birmingham 2627, 64

Bixby, William 156

Bologna 15, 88, 136

Boni, Giacomo 83, 132

Bonito, Giuseppe 227228

Borsato, Giuseppe 60, 93

Boschini, Marco 910, 24

Boston 45, 3233, 35, 3738, 70, 118, 122, 130133, 135139, 141150, 155, 159, 190, 208, 212213, 216, 225, 240242, 248251, 253, 286, 291, 293294, 297, 301, 303, 305, 312, 314315

Bostonians 129, 135136, 138

Boston Museum of Fine Arts 33, 144, 159, 301, 303

Botticelli, Sandro 59, 142, 144, 229, 237, 252, 276, 280

Flora and the Three Graces 280

Primavera 237, 280

Brewster, Anne Hampton 5, 285294

Britain, British 27, 33, 35, 37, 39, 110111, 122, 124, 167169, 171175, 190, 249, 264, 314316

British Museum 27, 167, 171172, 175, 316

Britton, John 182, 186

Broadway 119121, 313

Bronzino, Angelo 136, 206

Brooklyn 118, 204

Brown, Lancelot (‘Capability’) 190

Bryant, William Cullen 213, 242, 246

Buddhist 297, 299300, 302, 304305

Bulteau, Augustine 103104

Bunney, John Wharlton 85

Interno della Sala del Senato 85

Byron, George Gordon 241, 285, 288

Byzantine 2, 79, 89, 276277, 321, 323325

Ca’ Dario 103104

Canaletto 169

The Stonemason 169

Cancelleria 65, 6869, 7173

candle 3, 9, 1316, 18, 22, 28, 34, 59, 63, 7071, 80, 101, 103, 105, 118119, 125126, 143145, 147, 178, 181183, 185, 189, 191, 193, 196199, 226, 256259, 261, 265, 280281, 289290, 304, 320, 324

Canova, Antonio 60, 93, 191, 193

canvas 10, 16, 1920, 22, 24, 28, 46, 54, 5658, 6162, 6566, 7274, 7980, 85, 111, 118, 126127, 205, 207, 213, 217, 226, 230, 233, 266267, 281, 326, 329

Caravaggio, Michelangelo Merisi da 23, 321

carbon filament 28, 30

Carpaccio, Vittore 60, 91, 97, 196

Agony in the Desert 97

The Calling of Matthew 97

Carracci, Agostino 135136, 168

Castiglione, Giuseppe 204

View of the Grand Salon Carré in the Louvre 204

Catholic 130, 219, 292, 312

Century, The 4, 271, 274279, 282, 284

Chapel of the Magi 4, 235

Chapter Hall 46, 50, 52

Chatsworth 4, 105, 189199

chiaroscuro 14, 46, 96, 231, 301

Chicago 2, 22, 35, 37, 69, 118, 120, 263, 286, 313

China, Chinese 101, 152, 159, 298, 302303

Christ 14, 1617, 1922, 45, 4748, 57, 63, 66, 265, 324, 328

Christian 23, 89, 9293, 95, 131, 254

church 5, 1718, 43, 6061, 63, 66, 93, 100, 125126, 130, 133, 208, 223, 253254, 281, 289, 291292, 313, 323, 325327, 329330

Church, Frederic 3, 117127

Heart of the Andes 3, 117, 119120, 122, 124127

Niagara 120122

Church of San Rocco 1415, 18

Cimabue 274, 282283

Civil War 125, 139, 154, 240, 243, 249

Clemen, Paul 144

Clemens, Samuel 124125, 127, 243. See also Twain, Mark

cloud 12, 18, 20, 47, 55, 68

coal 2728, 3334, 38, 112113, 170, 193, 215, 256

coal gas 2728, 3334, 38, 112, 193

Coburn, Alvin Langdon 153, 157

Cocchi, Raimondo 226227

Cole, Timothy 4, 173174, 241242, 248, 271, 274284

Collegio 7980, 279

Collins, William 183185

colour 2, 9, 12, 14, 18, 34, 43, 4849, 5455, 57, 67, 7576, 90, 9597, 104, 156, 161, 180, 184, 206, 209, 226, 246, 288, 318, 321322, 328

Constable, John 124125, 191

Cooper, James Fenimore 241, 246, 258

Cornwall 26, 112

Correggio, Antonio Allegri 135, 274

Crawford, Alexander William 131, 248

curator 28, 39, 144, 159, 163, 269, 301, 321

Cushman, Charlotte 287

Daguerre, J. L. 124125

darkness 25, 9, 1113, 1617, 19, 2122, 24, 39, 43, 45, 4750, 52, 5763, 65, 6768, 9397, 100, 106, 112114, 120, 124, 129, 132133, 140, 144145, 149, 169, 178179, 182, 186187, 199, 217, 224225, 228, 231, 235236, 245, 250, 252, 256, 263, 265, 267, 269, 280, 283, 297, 299, 301305, 309318, 321, 323326, 328, 330331

Da Vinci, Leonardo 65, 195, 203, 276, 302

The Last Supper 65

Degas, Edgar 262

Della Francesca, Piero 149

De Musset, Alfred 100

Detroit 118, 151, 153, 155158, 160

Devonshire, Duke of 189, 191, 195, 199

Dewey, Orville 194

Dewing, Thomas 154, 156

diary 4, 174, 212

Dickens, Charles 32

diffusing lamps 7274, 76

display 14, 2526, 35, 39, 89, 103, 119121, 123, 125126, 132, 137138, 140, 146, 152, 154155, 157158, 160, 169, 172, 181, 193194, 203, 214216, 231, 243, 247, 251252, 264, 267, 269, 293, 302, 304305

Doge 7980, 83, 85, 103, 203, 266, 268

Dow, Arthur Wesley 301

Drake, Alexander 197, 271, 278, 282

drawing 59, 158, 173174, 190, 195, 199, 228229, 231, 233234, 277, 279

Ducal Palace 7984, 325

Dürer, Albrecht 195

Eastlake, Charles 170, 173

Edinburgh 27, 118, 173, 190

Edison, Thomas 28, 30, 3336, 38

Egyptian 159, 183, 288, 302303

electricity 14, 6, 2526, 28, 3239, 54, 6364, 6872, 8285, 103, 105106, 115, 118, 142143, 146147, 155, 161162, 171, 175, 182, 186, 192193, 196199, 208, 225, 256257, 261263, 299, 304, 314, 320, 326

electric lighting 25, 28, 3335, 3839, 6970, 83, 103, 105, 143, 146147, 175, 225, 261263

Eliot, George 5, 311, 314

Middlemarch 313

Ellison, Ralph 262

Emerson, Ralph Waldo 130, 242, 301

energy 26, 38, 61, 69, 73, 113, 130, 148, 214

England, English 4, 35, 63, 99, 110113, 130132, 134, 165, 168, 178, 181, 185, 189190, 192, 194, 241, 243, 247, 249, 254, 256, 262, 274, 287, 301, 312313, 315

Europe, European 1, 3, 25, 35, 37, 39, 58, 62, 64, 6869, 72, 82, 94, 112, 131, 134, 142, 152, 157, 168, 170, 178, 190, 194, 216, 240242, 244246, 248249, 251, 255256, 261263, 275, 292, 314315, 317, 325

Evans, Augusta 119, 125, 127

exhibition 5, 26, 3536, 44, 50, 54, 56, 58, 68, 72, 81, 84, 88, 91, 94, 118121, 136137, 139, 152, 157, 160162, 169, 215, 226, 233, 237238, 250, 293, 311, 315, 319, 321

Eyre, Wilson 154, 157158

Fabriano, Gentile da 138, 280

The Deposition from the Cross 138

Faraday, Michael 27, 171

Fenollosa 5, 297298, 300305

Field, Kate 212213, 311

filament 28, 3034, 38

Fiorentino, Pier Francesco 223, 235236, 249

fire 9, 1921, 2324, 28, 37, 55, 7980, 83, 96, 102, 112, 137, 259, 281, 292, 302, 310

flame 10, 1418, 2022, 84, 105, 119, 122, 142, 149, 182, 223, 226, 250, 259, 289290, 324

Florence, Florentine 2, 4, 10, 5960, 6465, 88, 102, 130, 132, 135136, 206, 223226, 229230, 233, 235236, 244, 247249, 251256, 264, 266268, 275276, 278280, 293, 312

Forster, E. M. 262

A Room With a View 262

Fortuny lamps 74, 76

Fortuny, Mariano 23, 49, 57, 6869, 7274, 76, 97

Fra Angelico 143, 264

Death and Assumption of the Virgin 143

France, French 35, 35, 39, 53, 62, 80, 99, 101, 103105, 160, 163, 165, 179180, 184, 190, 201203, 206208, 215, 226, 229, 253255, 259, 269, 274275, 292, 303, 312, 317, 319

Franklin, Benjamin 34, 112, 249

Freer, Charles Lang 4, 151163, 303

Freer Gallery 4, 151153, 158161, 163, 303

frescoes 5, 65, 105, 132, 134, 149, 190, 235, 259, 279280, 318

frieze 49, 110

Fuller, Margaret 190, 242, 247248, 257258, 287

Galérie d’Apollon 203, 316318

gallery 3, 32, 62, 65, 87, 8992, 95, 112113, 118119, 125, 127, 131, 133134, 137140, 142145, 148, 157, 159162, 167172, 174175, 191, 193195, 198199, 201, 203205, 207208, 214215, 217218, 229, 247, 249, 255, 269, 279, 312, 315

Gandy, Joseph 178, 182183

Gardner, Isabella Stewart 34, 70, 141150, 159

gas 2529, 3239, 64, 68, 71, 82, 9091, 99, 102, 104106, 112115, 118120, 122, 127, 167, 170175, 185186, 193, 196, 198, 215, 256, 259, 292, 299, 320

Gas Light Company of Baltimore 114115, 119

gas lighting 24, 2627, 3334, 3839, 6364, 102, 109, 111, 113, 119, 122123, 125, 129, 140, 172173, 196, 304

Gautier, Théophile 64, 102, 121

Italia 64, 81, 101, 233

Germany, German 32, 39, 118, 144, 185, 225, 250, 292, 298

Gilded Age 129, 154, 246, 285, 287

Gilman, Benjamin Ives 139140, 159160

Museum Ideals of Purpose and Methods 159160

Giorgione 136, 144

God 2223, 47, 133, 145, 254, 301, 318

Golgotha 22, 45, 225

Gothic 79, 81, 92, 129, 137, 141, 145, 208, 302303, 325

Gotti, Aurelio 229, 233234

Gozzoli, Benozzo 4, 235236, 279280

Grand Canal 100101, 103104

Grand Tour 189, 241, 249, 286, 297

Greek 144, 174, 292, 294, 302303, 316, 320, 326

Guze Kannon 302304

Hale, Edward Everett 216, 218

Hammer, William 3536

Harrison, James Albert 216, 218

Harvard University 28, 133, 136, 139, 142, 160, 163, 240, 243, 300, 319

Havard, Henry 103

Hawthorne, Nathaniel 5, 132133, 249, 253254, 256, 259, 311, 313

The Marble Faun 132133, 249, 253254, 312

Hawthorne, Sophia 249, 256

Hazlitt, William 241

Hillard, George Stillman 225, 249250

Hiroshige, Ando 299

Hofland, Barbara 179

Homer 144, 204, 255

Homeric 240, 244

Howells, William D. 244

illumination 23, 1516, 1922, 2528, 3132, 34, 3639, 44, 47, 50, 68, 70, 7374, 76, 8182, 84, 9092, 9697, 100101, 105, 113114, 118, 120123, 125127, 129130, 140, 142, 147149, 151, 154155, 157, 159160, 174, 183184, 189, 192193, 195199, 202203, 208, 212, 214219, 225, 230232, 234235, 237, 246, 250, 253254, 256, 258259, 261, 263264, 270, 287, 291, 299, 303, 310, 312, 330

Immaculate Conception 12, 203

Impressionism 224, 262

indirect lighting 3, 54, 68, 72, 236

innovation 35, 68, 74, 84, 118, 167, 171, 196198

interior 1315, 22, 2425, 29, 3537, 4344, 8082, 8485, 122, 125126, 143, 158159, 169, 177178, 183, 198, 207, 228, 230231, 236, 261262, 268, 299, 303304, 330

Irving, Washington 246

Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum 3, 70, 141, 143148, 150

Italy, Italian 35, 55, 5861, 6365, 8283, 8791, 93, 101, 103104, 114, 129135, 138, 140, 142, 145, 158, 170171, 178, 191193, 221, 224226, 229, 239260, 264265, 267268, 271, 274276, 278284, 286, 289292, 294, 311312, 318, 326

James, Henry 25, 27, 49, 5354, 5868, 7071, 82, 97, 111, 132, 152, 171, 186, 189, 191, 201209, 216, 224225, 240241, 243, 246248, 251252, 255256, 259, 261270, 309311, 313318

A Little Tour in France 206207

A Small Boy and Others 203, 316317

The Ambassadors 207208, 315316

The American 118, 123, 201202, 240241, 246, 315

The American Scene 315

‘The Autumn in Florence’ 5960, 251

The Golden Bowl 154, 316

The Outcry 315

The Portrait of a Lady 313, 316

The Tragic Muse 62

The Wings of the Dove 205206, 208, 314

‘Venice. An Early Impression’ 61

Jameson, Anna 132

Japan, Japanese 12, 5, 149, 155, 295, 297305, 311

Jarves, James Jackson 3, 129140, 301

The Art-Idea 130131, 134, 137

Jefferson, Thomas 127

Jesus 14, 16, 1920, 47

Johnson, Kendall 263, 267268

John the Baptist 47, 63, 65, 93, 289, 294, 327

journalist 1, 155, 212, 216, 242, 248, 252, 287

Kaiser-Friedrich Museum 157, 160

Kemble, Fanny 119, 122

Kyoto 297, 303

lamp 3, 10, 1416, 20, 2324, 28, 32, 3537, 64, 112, 118, 162, 182184, 186, 197, 259, 261, 269270, 304

Lanciani, Rodolfo 292293

Langley, Samuel P. 151152

lantern 16, 22, 63, 66, 83, 102104, 143144, 167, 181, 184, 186, 232, 251

Latin 5, 117, 292293, 318

LED lighting 1, 3, 5, 54, 60, 70, 76, 149, 175, 214

LEDs 73, 7576, 148

Levi, Donata 88, 209

lighting 15, 2528, 3239, 43, 50, 52, 5456, 5960, 62, 64, 6874, 79, 8283, 87, 9091, 9697, 99, 102103, 105, 113114, 118121, 123, 125, 127, 141143, 146150, 154158, 160163, 167, 170171, 173175, 178183, 185187, 193199, 211, 214219, 223230, 233, 237, 245, 251, 256, 259, 261265, 267269, 281282, 284, 287, 299, 301, 304305, 319322, 327

limelight 122

Lincoln’s Inn Fields 167, 177, 179180, 185

Lippard, George 120

Lippi, Filippo 235236, 253, 281

Adoration of the Child 235236

Vision of St. Bernard 281

Lodge, John 155, 159, 161163

Lomazzo, Giovanni Paolo 11, 22

Lombardo, Tullio 56, 327328

London 2, 4, 19, 2627, 3235, 38, 5556, 58, 62, 64, 68, 70, 85, 88, 90, 109110, 113, 118, 122, 124125, 131, 152, 167168, 170172, 175, 177, 180, 185186, 190191, 193195, 205, 225, 240241, 246, 261, 263, 299301, 310, 315

London National Gallery 4, 19, 70, 88, 120, 167175, 190, 314315

Louvre 1, 45, 168, 190, 201205, 218, 242, 255, 276, 312, 316317

Lungarno 227, 233, 256

Mackenzie, Frederick 169, 216

Madonna 58, 60, 64, 93, 95, 132, 138, 201203, 248, 252, 255, 265, 276, 282283

Madrid 4, 211, 214215

Maggior Consiglio 7980, 83, 85

Magi 1, 4, 20, 235, 280

Malan, Alfred Henry 192194, 198

Manchester 26, 168

Manet, Édouard 262

Manhattan 119120

Marlborough House 89, 172173

Marr, Thomas 143

Maryland 109110, 112

Massachusetts 142, 146, 207, 300

Maupassant, Guy de 103, 317

Medici, Cosimo de 136

Medici Riccardi Palace 4, 235

Meiji period 297298, 300, 302303

Melville, Herman 5, 297, 311, 313

Pierre, or the Ambiguities 313

Merimée, Prosper 215

Metropolitan Museum of Art 33, 117, 119

Michelangelo Buonarroti 4, 10, 76, 148, 195, 236237

David 4, 236238

Michi, Nomura 155

Milan 11, 1314, 17, 49, 56, 65, 68, 87, 101, 268

Miller, William Haig 109, 111113, 193, 261

Milton, John 254, 310

Paradise Lost 310

model 1011, 62, 90, 104, 158, 160, 181, 189, 237

modernity 45, 26, 56, 58, 61, 66, 73, 81, 8485, 94, 96, 99, 104, 119120, 131, 136138, 140, 142, 147, 149, 187, 190191, 196, 198199, 226, 229, 232, 237, 263, 301, 304, 311, 326, 328, 330

Monet, Claude 262

Moore, Charles 151, 153, 155156

Morgan, J. P. 36

Morse, Samuel F. B. 204, 242, 248

Gallery of the Louvre 204, 242, 255

Murano 104, 106

Murano Glass Museum 104

Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban 194, 201203, 213

Murray, John 27, 9091, 93, 185, 191, 281

Museo Correr 5, 59

museum 16, 2527, 3234, 3839, 54, 59, 64, 70, 80, 83, 8892, 9495, 101, 109110, 112115, 129, 131132, 134, 137, 142143, 145151, 153163, 167168, 172175, 177178, 185, 187, 191, 203, 206207, 211, 213219, 223226, 229230, 236238, 251, 256257, 262264, 266269, 271, 278279, 286, 297, 300301, 304, 310316, 322

Naples 100, 102, 134, 287, 291293

Napoleon 101, 203

Napoleonic 214, 229, 241

Nara 297, 302

natural light 2, 4, 6, 22, 3234, 3839, 47, 54, 59, 85, 90, 92, 97, 100, 105, 118119, 133, 143145, 151, 155, 158, 167, 170171, 175, 178181, 187, 191193, 196, 206207, 214216, 219, 223, 232, 235, 237, 251, 254, 262, 267, 269, 283, 302, 311312, 315, 330

Naya, Carlo 9394

Nernst lamp 26, 32, 38

New Orleans Exposition, 1884 26, 36

New York 12, 5, 3234, 36, 38, 62, 82, 109, 117119, 121123, 125, 127, 130132, 134, 138139, 151, 157, 159160, 189190, 198, 202203, 208, 211213, 216218, 241242, 244, 246, 248249, 262, 264, 267269, 274, 276277, 286, 298, 302, 311, 315317

night 1017, 1920, 2223, 26, 37, 43, 71, 80, 101102, 104105, 113114, 118119, 129, 143, 145, 148, 172, 178, 182183, 193194, 198, 249250, 256, 259, 285, 288290, 293, 309310

nineteenth century 24, 25, 2728, 34, 54, 6364, 67, 7071, 81, 93, 100, 103, 120, 122, 129, 135, 154, 167, 174, 189191, 208, 211212, 214, 224225, 229, 235, 237, 240, 242, 244, 246, 251, 256257, 259, 261262, 264, 270, 274, 284285, 289, 292, 297, 300, 302, 311, 320

Norton, Charles Eliot 109, 130, 132133, 136137, 139, 144, 243

oil 10, 6364, 68, 71, 8384, 95, 112, 118120, 130, 173, 178179, 182183, 185186, 196, 198199, 215, 253, 261, 291, 304

Okakura Kakuzo 301302

Old Masters 132, 190, 194, 243, 255, 274275, 284, 310, 312

Orientalist 297, 300

Orthodox 323, 325

Ovid 11

Metamorphoses 11

Padua 11, 75, 103, 268

paint 12, 22, 24, 28, 55, 80, 85, 123, 136

painter 1, 3, 1012, 14, 16, 1819, 2223, 39, 43, 46, 48, 50, 54, 56, 58, 63, 72, 85, 89, 91, 96, 106, 110111, 115, 118, 123, 135, 138, 142, 156, 158, 169170, 202, 224, 227, 242, 248249, 261262, 266, 275, 277, 283, 318

painting 13, 5, 912, 1423, 2728, 33, 36, 43, 4849, 5257, 5963, 6573, 7576, 81, 87, 8997, 103, 111112, 114, 118122, 124, 127, 129130, 132133, 136139, 141142, 144146, 150, 152, 154156, 158159, 168170, 173, 175, 190, 193194, 202206, 208209, 212216, 219, 224, 226227, 230231, 235237, 241, 245, 247, 251, 253, 256, 261262, 264268, 274, 279, 281284, 298, 304, 312313, 321, 325326

palace 4, 35, 60, 6365, 70, 7986, 101, 103, 121, 132, 144145, 174, 181, 183, 189190, 194, 196, 198, 203205, 225, 235236, 266268, 278279, 325

Palazzo Barbaro 4, 142, 145146, 208209

Palazzo Ducale 3, 8185

Palazzo Pitti 65, 225, 227, 233, 237, 251, 256, 267268, 278

Palladio, Andrea 329330

Pall Mall 27, 113, 168169, 171, 192

Pallucchini, Rodolfo 10, 1415, 19, 5657, 66, 68

Pantheon 178, 237, 289290, 312

Paris 16, 26, 3233, 3536, 39, 64, 72, 99105, 120121, 168, 201204, 207, 224, 255, 262, 276, 314315

Paris Exposition, 1885 26, 32, 35, 39

Parliament 169, 172, 177, 186

Passi, Enrico 69, 7172

Passini, Ludwig 209

The Salone of the Palazzo Barbaro 209

Peale, Charles Willson 109113, 111

The Artist in His Museum 112

The Lamplight Portrait 112

Peale family 110, 113

Peale, James 112, 118

Peale Museum 2, 64, 110, 215, 255

Peale, Rembrandt 23, 64, 109115, 247, 255

Peale, Rubens 111, 113

Pennsylvania 58, 82, 112, 118, 240, 259, 293

Perkins, Edward 135137

Philadelphia 3, 3335, 64, 109, 112114, 118, 192, 240, 243, 246247, 255256, 286290

Piombo, Sebastiano del 63, 326327

pitch 112, 160

Pitti Gallery 134, 255

Pitt, William 111

Plato 5, 319

Platonic 319, 322

Platt, Charles Adam 158, 160162

Italian Gardens 158

Pompeii 124, 293

Pontius Pilate 16, 57

Prado Museum 4, 1213, 203, 211219

Princeton University 244, 287, 301

Protestant 130131, 133, 135, 312

public 1, 34, 3637, 39, 8284, 112113, 123, 130131, 134, 136, 140, 146, 148, 150151, 154155, 157, 162163, 167168, 170171, 174175, 177, 189191, 196, 215, 226, 229, 233, 242, 248, 251252, 274, 277278, 286287, 289, 298, 301, 315

Puritan 130, 134, 242, 258

reflection 3, 17, 19, 2123, 57, 62, 73, 100, 194, 209, 219, 224225, 230, 256, 262, 279280, 282, 290

Régnier, Henri de 104106

Régnier, Marie de 105

Rembrandt 142, 144, 168169, 195

Rembrandt Peale Museum 2, 64

Renaissance 5, 56, 79, 81, 117, 129130, 135137, 142, 144, 158, 194, 271, 274, 276, 284, 320321, 326

representation 13, 49, 278

restoration 49, 52, 54, 57, 63, 6568, 136, 149, 214, 229, 231, 236, 298, 312, 314, 318

Restoration, the 229, 237

Reynolds, Joshua 168, 174

Rhoades, Katherine 155, 161162

Ridolfi, Carlo 911, 17, 23, 229232, 234235, 237

Roman 21, 79, 111, 132, 134, 177, 207, 217218, 257258, 270, 286, 288, 290, 294

Roman-Byzantine 79

Romantic 135136, 247, 270

Rome 2, 45, 10, 76, 83, 132, 169, 178, 181, 191, 229, 244, 248, 250, 255, 257258, 285294, 313314, 316, 318, 326

Rubens, Peter Paul 195, 310

Ruskin, John 23, 49, 5359, 6166, 68, 7071, 8182, 85, 8797, 100, 131, 170171, 174, 196, 243, 277, 301

Guide to the Academy of Fine Arts at Venice 8790, 92, 94, 97

Modern Painters 2, 55, 88, 96, 126

Mornings in Florence 88

St. Mark’s Rest 88, 97

The Stones of Venice 5456, 82, 131, 171

Russia, Russian 32, 195, 323324

Sala Capitolare 72

Sala dell’Albergo 2, 45, 4950, 5657, 68, 72, 7477

Sala dell’Assunta 91, 9394, 279

Salon Carré 201204, 242, 315

San Giovanni Grisostomo 63, 327329

San Rocco 1, 1315, 18, 4345, 4852, 57, 59, 6168, 71, 7475, 77, 9697, 264, 330

San Stae 6061, 63

Sargent, John Singer 5, 85, 145, 150

Mrs. Fiske Warren and her Daughter 145

Sala del Maggior Consiglio 85

Sarto, Andrea del 65, 101, 225, 267

Scrutinio 80, 83

Scuola Grande di San Rocco 13, 6, 1213, 17, 1920, 41, 4369, 7172, 7475, 77, 85, 89, 91, 9697, 264265, 321322, 329

Sebastiano del Piombo

St John Chrysostomos and the Saints Augustine, John the Baptist, Liberal, Mary Magdalene, Agnes and Catherine 63

shadow 5, 1011, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 45, 65, 70, 102, 118, 124, 132, 134, 143, 147, 149, 162, 192, 224225, 231, 235, 238, 249250, 253, 267, 270, 289, 301305, 316, 319, 328

Shakespeare, William 5, 61, 168, 269, 309311, 313314, 316318

Antony and Cleopatra 310

Hamlet 168, 313

King Lear 310

Macbeth 309310

Pericles, Prince of Tyre 310

Romeo and Juliet 310

The Rape of Lucrece 310311

Shelley, Mary 225

Siena, Sienese 134135, 138, 275, 277, 281

Sir John Soane’s Museum 167, 179, 181, 187

Sistine Chapel 5, 7677, 148, 318

Sloan, James L. 246247, 259

Smithsonian Institution 25, 36, 109, 117, 151153, 157158, 254

Soane, John 2, 4, 70, 167, 177187

soot 27, 170, 185

South America 117, 119, 126127

Spain, Spanish 4, 125, 133, 165, 203, 211213, 216219, 274

spiritual 22, 47, 8889, 95, 97, 130131, 140, 149, 287, 301, 311, 314, 323

Stael, Madame de 191, 193

Corinne, or Italy 191

Stevenson, Robert Louis 37

Stillman, William J. 225, 249250, 274, 276278, 281, 284

St. Louis 35, 118, 124

Stöckler, Emanuel 202

Story, William Wetmore 250, 314

Stowe, William W. 243244

Sturgis Jr., Russell 138

Swan, Joseph 28, 3536

Swiss Argand lamp 112

Switzerland, Swiss 74, 112, 287, 291

Taine, S. Hippolyte 224

Taniguchi Yoshio 149, 304

Tanizaki Junichiro 301, 303304

In Praise of Shadows 297, 301, 303304

taper 3, 1314, 16, 18, 21, 193, 258259, 290291

technology 3, 27, 32, 35, 52, 73, 84, 113, 118, 122, 149, 189, 197199, 214, 261, 299, 304, 320

theatre 2, 11, 54, 6869, 103, 123, 172, 179, 229, 320321

Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti 13, 56, 924, 4358, 6162, 64, 6668, 7172, 7475, 77, 85, 96, 103, 217, 264266, 279, 321, 329331

Adam and Eve 96

Adoration of the Magi 1, 20

Annunciation 52

Ascension of the Virgin 6667

Ascent to the Calvary 45

Baptism of Christ 47, 66, 68, 265

Christ in the House of Martha and Mary 19

Christ Washing the Feet of the Disciples 19

Crucifixion 2, 58, 6162, 72, 7475, 77, 132, 264, 266, 321322

Death of Abel 96, 279

Deposition in the Tomb 22

Flagellation of Christ 20

Flight into Egypt 67

Judith and Holophernes 12

Last Supper 1516, 19, 21

Marriage at Cana 103

Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence 20, 100

Moses Striking the Rock 4546, 57, 68

Phaeton 11

Presentation of Christ at the Temple 14

Resurrection 48

Saint Roch Cures the Plague-Stricken 1415

Saint Roch Healing the Plague Victims 43

Saint Roch in Prison, Comforted by an Angel 18

St. Mary of Egypt 49

Tarquin and Lucretia 22

The Adoration of the Shepherds 46, 56

The Annunciation 67, 235

The Last Supper 21, 57, 68

The Miracle of the Loaves 57

The Rape of Europa 70

The Wedding at Cana 15, 203, 209

Transportation of Christ to the Tomb 16, 22

Visitation 50, 52

Zeus and Semele 11

Titian 5051, 60, 63, 6970, 93, 9596, 100, 141, 168169, 276, 278, 281, 310, 313

Annunciation 50

Assumption 60, 69, 93, 9596, 313

Bacchus and Ariadne 169

Europa 70, 141142

Portrait of a Young Englishman 63

Tokugawa government 297298

Tokyo 155, 299300, 303304

torches 910, 1217, 2122, 44, 80, 84, 102, 105, 122, 191, 193, 215, 249, 259, 270, 289

Trafalgar Square 169, 171174

travel literature 4, 225, 244

Tribuna 4, 228229, 237, 247, 251

Trollope, Anthony 169

Trollope, Thomas Adolphus 130, 132, 137

Tryon, Dwight 156

Turner, J. M. W. 8889, 167, 172174

Tuscan 252, 259260, 275, 277

Twain, Mark 119, 124, 127, 243. See also Clemens, Samuel

twentieth century 27, 35, 38, 72, 115, 149, 171, 178, 195, 215, 223, 229, 256, 303

Uffizi Gallery 4, 65, 206, 223224, 226230, 233235, 237, 249, 251252, 255, 266267, 278, 282, 312

ukiyo-e 299, 301

Valery, Antoine 99, 102

Valéry, Paul 102, 315

Velázquez, Diego 133, 168, 213

Venice Academy 88, 9091

Venice, Venetian 1, 34, 6, 910, 1415, 1821, 41, 4448, 51, 5464, 6675, 77, 7983, 85, 8796, 99106, 131, 142143, 145146, 170171, 203, 208209, 229, 264266, 268, 275, 279, 281, 314, 325330

Vermeer, Johannes 142

Vernon, Robert 88, 167, 172, 174

Veronese, Paolo 82, 85, 170171, 203, 209, 266, 268, 279

The Feast of the House of Levi 209

The Meal in the House of Simon the Pharisee 203

Victoria and Albert Museum 2, 5, 27, 64, 173175, 181

Victorian 27, 37, 303

Vienna 20, 91, 202, 229, 298

Villanueva, Juan de 214215, 218

Virgin 47, 49, 6667, 93, 143, 253, 280, 313, 328

Vivarini, Bartolomeo 93, 96

Walpole, Horace 179

War of 1812 109110

Washington, DC 4, 52, 110

Washington, George 111, 114115, 127

wax 10, 1314, 18, 84, 105, 181183, 193, 198, 215, 257, 281, 289290, 293

Welsbach burners 26, 35

Welsbach lamps 28

Welsbach mantle 28, 38

West, Benjamin 110, 120, 196, 249, 300301, 303, 316

Wharton, Edith 129, 198

False Dawn 129

Whistler, James McNeill 152153, 156157, 161, 262

window 2, 1011, 1315, 22, 26, 58, 8182, 85, 93, 103, 105, 118, 121, 143, 145147, 154155, 158, 160, 163, 167, 178179, 181, 183184, 186187, 191192, 194, 199, 206209, 214215, 224225, 227238, 247, 251, 253255, 258, 266268, 274, 279280, 283, 311, 316317, 325327, 330

Wright, Joseph 118, 240, 249, 300301

writer 1, 3, 9, 5354, 6163, 65, 8485, 99, 101, 103104, 106, 119120, 122, 124, 129130, 132, 170, 197198, 211212, 215219, 224225, 240, 250, 262, 276, 287, 292, 317, 321, 326

Yale University 3, 55, 85, 109, 125, 129, 131, 134136, 138140, 211, 249

Yankee 130, 135, 211, 259

Zagorsk 323, 325

Zeki, Semir 245, 321