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Make We Merry More and Less: An Anthology of Medieval English Popular Literature
More info and resources at: https://doi.org/10.11647/obp.0170


Primary Texts

(Primary texts are listed alphabetically by title, unless the author is known. Cumbersome titles are alphabetized by key-word in square brackets.)

Adam of Cobsham: The Wright’s Chaste Wife, ed. F. J. Furnivall, EETS OS 12 (London, 1865).

Andrew of Wyntoun, Chronicle, 6 vols, ed. F. J. Amours, Scottish Text Society (Edinburgh, 1903–14). https://digital.nls.uk/publications-by-scottish-clubs/archive/113606171

An Alphabet of Tales, ed. Mary Macleod Banks, EETS OS 126 & 127 (London, 1904–05).https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=cme;cc=cme;view=toc;idno=AlphTales

The Apocryphal New Testament, trans. M. R. James (1924; repr. Oxford, 1926). https://archive.org/details/JAMESApocryphalNewTestament1924/page/n3

Batman uppon Bartholome his booke, Stephen Batman, John Trevisa, Bartholomaeus Anglicus (London [1582]). https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=eebo;idno=A05237.0001.001

Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, trans. Leo Sherley-Price, with R. E. Latham and D. H. Farmer (1955; repr. London, 1990). https://pilarr.com/download.php?q=ecclesiastical-history-of-the-english-people-bede-sherley-price-leo-farmer-d

[Bevis] The Gallant History of the Life and Death of that Most Noble Knight Bevis of Southampton (London, [1691]). https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo2/A41900.0001.001?view=toc

The Book of Noodles: Stories of Simpletons, or, Fools and their Follies, ed. W. A. Clouston (London, 1888). https://www.gutenberg.org/files/13032/13032-h/13032-h.htm

The Brut, or The Chronicles of England, ed. Friedrich W. D. Brie, EETS OS 131 & 136 (London, 1906–08). https://archive.org/details/brutorchronicles00brieuoft/page/n5

Camden, Miscellany, vol. IV, ed. Clarence Hopper, Camden Society (London, 1859).

Caxton, William, The subtyl historyes and fables of Esope (London [1483]). https://www.bl.uk/collection-items/aesops-fables-printed-by-william-caxton-1484

Caxton, William, The History of Reynard the Fox, ed. N. F. Blake, EETS OS 263 (London, 1970). http://bestiary.ca/etexts/morley1889/morley%20-%20history%20of%20reynard%20the%20fox.pdf

Charles of Orleans: The English Poems, 2 vols, eds R. Steele and M. Day, EETS OS 215 & 220 (1941 & 1946). https://archive.org/details/fortunesstabilne00charuoft/page/430

Chaucer: The Riverside Chaucer, ed. Larry D. Benson, 3rd. edition (Oxford, 1988). https://www.worldcat.org/title/riverside-chaucer/oclc/570808369

[Chevelere Assigne] The Romance of the Chevelere Assigne, ed. Henry H. Gibbs, EETS ES 6 (1868; repr. London, 1898).

Child, Francis James, The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, 5 vols (Boston MA, 1898). http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/44969

Codex Ashmole 61: A Compilation of Popular Middle English Verse, ed. George Shuffelton (Kalamazoo, 2008). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/shuffelton-codex-ashmole-61-introduction

The Complaynt of Scotland, ed. Robert Wedderburn with Introduction by A. M. Stewart (Edinburgh, 1979). https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A11722.0001.001?view=toc

Les Contes Moralisés de Nicole Bozon, frère mineur, eds Lucy Toulmin Smith and Paul Meyer (Paris, 1889). https://archive.org/details/lescontesmoralis00bozouoft/page/n5

The Croxton Play of the Sacrament, ed. John T. Sebastian (Kalamazoo, 2012). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/sebastian-croxton-play-of-the-sacrament-introduction

The Demaundes Joyous, ed. John Wardroper (London, 1971).

[Dunbar] Selected Poems of Henryson and Dunbar, eds Priscilla Bawcutt and Felicity Riddy (Edinburgh, 1992). http://www.scottishpoetrylibrary.org.uk/poet/robert-henryson/

[Dunbar] The Poems of William Dunbar, ed. W. M. MacKenzie (Edinburgh, 1932). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/conlee-dunbar-complete-works-introduction

Early English Carols, ed. Richard Leighton Greene (1935; revised edn. Oxford, 1977). https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.185518/2015.185518.The-Early-English-Carols_djvu.txt

Early Middle English Verse and Prose, eds J. A. W. Bennett and G. V. Smithers, glossary by Norman Davis (revised edn. Oxford, 1985).

An English Chronicle of the Reigns of Richard II, Henry IV, Henry V, and Henry VI, ed. John Silvester Davies, Camden Society 64 (London, 1856). https://archive.org/stream/anenglishchronic00camduoft/anenglishchronic00camduoft_djvu.txt

An English Chronicle, 1377–1461, A New Edition, ed. William Marx (Woodbridge 2003). https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=QcXcLhJ8HVIC

English Lyrics of the XIIIth Century, ed. Carleton Brown (1932; repr. Oxford, 1950).

Erasmus, Adages, 6 vols, trans. Margaret Mann Phillips et al. (Toronto, 1982–). https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A00313.0001.001?view=toc

Fourteenth Century Verse and Prose, ed. Kenneth Sisam (1921; repr. Oxford, 1975). http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/43736

Froissart, Chronicles, trans. Geoffrey Brereton (1968; repr. Harmondsworth, 1987). https://archive.org/stream/chroniclesoffroi00froi/chroniclesoffroi00froi_djvu.txt

From the Norman Conquest to the Black Death: An Anthology of Writings from England, ed. Douglas Gray (Oxford, 2011). https://bookpdf.services/downloads/from_the_norman_conquest_to_the_black_death_an_anthology_of_writings_from_england.pdf

Gaimar, Geffrei, L’Estoire des Engleis, ed. Alexander Bell; ANTS 14–16 (Oxford, 1960).

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, ed. J. A. Burrow (1972; repr. Harmondsworth, 1987).

Sir Gawain: Eleven Romances and Tales, ed. Thomas Hahn (Kalamazoo, 1995). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/publication/hahn-sir-gawain

Geoffrey of Monmouth, The History of the Kings of Britain, trans. Lewis Thorpe (1966; repr. Harmondsworth, 1973).

Gervase of Tilbury, Otia Imperialia: Recreation for an Emperor, ed. and trans. S. E. Banks and J. W. Binns (Oxford, 2002).

Gesta Romanorum, ed. Sidney J. H. Herrtage, EETS ES 33 (1879, repr. Oxford, 1962). https://archive.org/details/earlyenglishver03herrgoog/page/n6

Gesta Romanorum, or Entertaining Moral Stories, ed. and trans. Charles Swan and Wynnard Hooper (1876; repr. New York, 1959). https://archive.org/details/gestaromanorum02hoopgoog/page/n10

Gilte Legende (4 vols), eds Richard Hamer and Vida Russell, EETS OS 315, 327, 328, 339 (Oxford, 2000–12).

Grimms’ Fairy Tales (London, c. 1896 [n.d.]) https://www.worldoftales.com/fairy_tales/Grimm_fairy_tales.html

[Harley 2253] The Complete Harley 2253 Manuscript, 3 vols, ed. and trans. Susanna Fein, David Raybin, and Jan Ziolkowski (Kalamazoo, 2014–15). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/publication/fein-harley2253-volume-1 https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/publication/fein-harley2253-volume-2 https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/publication/fein-harley2253-volume-3

Hazlitt, William Carew, Remains of the popular poetry of England, 4 vols (London, 1864–66). https://archive.org/details/remainsearlypop09hazlgoog

Henry of Huntingdon, Chronicle, ed. and trans. Thomas Forester (1853; repr. Felinfach, 1991). https://archive.org/details/chroniclehenryh00foregoog/page/n13

Historical Poems of the XIVth and XVth Centuries, ed. Rossell Hope Robbins (New York, 1959). https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015027254047;view=1up;seq=5

A Hundred Merry Tales, and Other Jestbooks of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries, ed. P. M. Zall (Lincoln NE, 1963).

[Huon] The Boke of Duke Huon of Burdeux (2 vols), ed. S. L. Lee, EETS ES 40 & 41, 43 & 50; English Charlemagne Romances I–IV (1882–87, repr. London, 1998, 2017). https://archive.org/details/bokedukehuonbur00unkngoog/page/n8

Johannes de Irlandia, The Meroure of Wyssdome, 3 vols; eds Charles Macpherson, F. Quinn, and Craig McDonald (Aberdeen, 1926–90).

John Mirk’s Festial, 2 vols, ed. Susan Powell, EETS OS 334 & 335 (Oxford, 2009–11).

[Johnson] To the Hebrides: Samuel Johnson’s Journey to the western islands of Scotland; and James Boswell’s Journal of a tour to the Hebrides, ed. Ronald Black (2007; repr. Edinburgh, 2011).

Julian of Norwich, Revelations of Divine Love, trans. Clifton Wolters (1966; repr. Harmondsworth, 1976). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/the-shewings-of-julian-of-norwich-part-1

The Kingis Quair of James Stewart, ed. Matthew P. McDiarmid (London, 1973). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/mooney-and-arn-kingis-quair-and-other-prison-poems-james-i-scotland-kingis-quair

The Knight of Curtesy and the Fair Lady of Faguell’, ed. Elizabeth McCausland, Smith College Studies in Modern Languages IV.I (1922), 1–19. https://archive.org/stream/TheKnightOfCurtesyAndTheFairLadyMcCaus/The_Knight_of_Curtesy_and_the_Fair_Lady_McCaus_djvu.txt

Langland, William, The Vision of Piers Plowman (A Complete Edition of the B-Text), ed. A. V. C. Schmidt (1978; repr. London, 1993). http://ota.ox.ac.uk/desc/3261

Liber Eliensis: A History of the Isle of Ely from the seventh century to the twelfth, trans. Janet Fairweather (Woodbridge, 2005).

[Mannyng] Chronicles of Robert of Brunne, 2 vols, ed. Frederick J. Furnival, Rolls Series 87 (London, 1887).

Map, Walter, De Nugis Curialium, trans. Montagu R. James (London, 1923).

[Margery] The Book of Margery Kempe, eds Sanford B. Meech, Hope Emily Allen, and W. Butler-Bowdon, EETS OS 212 (1940). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/staley-book-of-margery-kempe-introduction

Marie de France, Lais, ed. Alfred Ewert, with Glyn S. Burgess (1944, repr. London 1995).

Mary of Nemmegen, eds Margaret M. Raftery, John Norton-Smith, Douglas Gray (Leiden, 1991).

Medieval Comic Tales, ed. Derek Brewer (1996; 2nd edn. Woodbridge, 2008).

Medieval English Lyrics, ed. R. T. Davies (1963; repr. Oxford, 1978).

Medieval English Lyrics, ed. Theodore Silverstein (York, 1971).

Medieval English Political Writings, ed. James M. Dean (Kalamazoo, 1996). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/publication/dean-medieval-english-political-writings

Medieval Lyric: Middle English Lyrics, Ballads, and Carols, ed. John D. Hirsh (Oxford, 2005). https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/book/10.1002/9780470756164

Middle English Verse Romances, ed. Donald B. Sands (Exeter, 1993). https://www.middleenglishromance.org.uk/

The Middle Scots Poets, ed. A. M. Kinghorn (London, 1970).

The moral play of Wit and Science (by J. Redford) and early poetical miscellanies, ed. J. O. Halliwell (London, 1848). https://archive.org/details/moralplaywitand00librgoog/page/n3

The New Oxford Book of English Verse, ed. Helen Gardner (1972; repr. Oxford, 1973).

Nixon’s Original Cheshire Prophecy, in Doggrel Verse, Robert Nixon (Otley, 1801). https://archive.org/details/nixonscheshirepr00nixo/page/n17

The N-Town Plays, eds Douglas Sugano and Victor I. Scherb (Kalamazoo, 2007). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/publication/sugano-the-n-town-plays

Ovid, Metamorphoses (2 vols), trans. F. J. Miller, Loeb Classical Library (vol. 1, 1916; 2nd edn. London, 1960).

The Owl and the Nightingale, ed. Eric Gerald Stanley (Manchester, 1972). https://archive.org/details/owlandnightinga00guilgoog/page/n14

The Oxford Book of English Verse, ed. Arthur Quiller-Couch (Oxford, 1900). https://www.bartleby.com/101/138.html

The Oxford Book of Late Medieval Verse and Prose, ed. Douglas Gray (Oxford, 1988). https://archive.org/details/oxfordbookoflate00doug

The Oxford Book of Medieval English Verse, eds Celia and Kenneth Sisam (1970; repr. Oxford, 1973).

‘Oxfordshire Christmas Miracle Play’, Frederick George Lee, Notes & Queries series 5 no. ii (December 1874), 503–5.

Paston Letters and Papers of the Fifteenth Century, vol. I, ed. Norman Davis, EETS SS 20 (London 2004). https://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/cme/paston

[PFMS] Bishop Percy’s Folio Manuscript, Ballads and Romances, 3 vols, eds John W. Hales and Frederick J. Furnivall (London 1867–68). https://archive.org/details/bishoppercysfol00halegoog/page/n8

[PFMS] Bishop Percy’s Folio MS (Cambridge: Chadwyck-Healey, 1992).

[Physiologus] The Middle English Physiologus, ed. Hanneke Wirtjes, EETS OS 299 (1991).

The Political Songs of England, Thomas Wright, Camden Society 6 (London, 1839). https://archive.org/details/politicalsongsof00wrig/page/n7

[Rauf] The Taill of Rauf Coilyear, ed. Sidney J. H. Herrtage; English Charlemagne Romances pt. 6, EETS ES 39 (1882). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/lupack-three-middle-english-charlemagne-romances-tale-of-ralph-collier

[Rawlinson] The Songs of Rawlinson MS. C 813 (Bodleian Library), eds F. M. Padelford and A. R. Benham (Seattle, 1909). https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015036702671;view=1up;seq=3

Reliquiae Antiquae, 2 vols, Wright, Thomas and James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps (London, 1841–43). https://archive.org/details/reliquiaeantiqua01wriguoft/page/n7

[Richard Hill] Songs, Carols, and Other Miscellaneous Poems, from the Balliol MS 354, Richard Hill’s Commonplace-Book, ed. Roman Dyboski, EETS ES 101 (1907).

Ritson, Joseph, Pieces of ancient popular poetry (London, 1791). https://archive.org/details/piecesofancientp00ritsuoft/page/n5

Robin Hood and Other Outlaw Tales, eds Stephen Knight and Thomas Ohlgren (Kalamazoo, 1997). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/publication/knight-and-ohlgren-robin-hood-and-other-outlaw-tales

The Romance of Reynard the Fox, trans. D. D. R. Owen (Oxford, 1994).

Rymes of Robyn Hood: An Introduction to the English Outlaw, R. B. Dobson and J. Taylor (London, 1976).

Secular Lyrics of the XIVth and XVth Centuries, ed. Rossell Hope Robbins (1955; repr. Oxford, 1968). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/salisbury-trials-and-joys-secular-lyrics

A Selection of Religious Lyrics, ed. Douglas Gray (Oxford, 1975).

Selections from Early Middle English 1130–1250 (2 vols), ed. Joseph Hall (1920; repr. Oxford, 1970). http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/26413 http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/43555

Seven Sages of Rome (Midland Version), ed. Jill Whitelock, EETS OS 324 (Oxford, 2005).

Six Middle English Romances, ed. Maldwyn Mills (London, 1992).

[Solomon] The Dialogue of Salomon and Saturnus: With an Historical Introduction, John Mitchell Kemble (London, 1848). https://archive.org/details/dialogueofsalomo00kembuoft/page/n3

[Solomon] The Dialogue of Solomon and Marcolf: A dual-language edition from Latin and Middle English printed editions, eds Nancy Mason Bradbury and Scott Bradbury (Kalamazoo, 2012). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/text/bradbury-solomon-and-marcolf-intro

Ten Bourdes, ed. Melissa M. Furrow (Kalamazoo, 2013). https://d.lib.rochester.edu/teams/publication/furrow-ten-bourdes

Ten Fifteenth-Century Comic Poems, ed. Melissa M. Furrow (New York, 1985).

A Thomas More Source Book, eds Gerard B. Wegemer and Stephen W. Smith (Washington DC, 2004).

[Thomas] The Romance and Prophecies of Thomas of Erceldoune, ed. James A. H. Murray, EETS OS 61 (1875). https://archive.org/details/romanceprophecie00thomuoft/page/n5

The Towneley Plays, eds G. England and A. W. Pollard, EETS ES 71 (1897; repr. New York, 1973). https://archive.org/details/townleyplays00engluoft/page/n5

Three Late Medieval Morality Plays, ed. G. A. Lester (1981; repr. London, 1997).

Two Coventry Corpus Christi Plays, ed. Hardin Craig, EETS ES 87 (1902; repr. 1966). https://archive.org/details/twocoventrycorp00craigoog/page/n8

Two English Border Ballads: The Battle of Otterburn and The Hunting of the Cheviot, ed. Olof Arngart (Lund, 1973).

Two Tudor Interludes: the Interlude of Youth, Hick Scorner, ed. Ian Lancashire (Manchester, 1980); Youth is also available online via internetshakespeare (ed. John D. Cox).

William of Malmesbury, The Kings Before the Norman Conquest, trans. Joseph Stephenson (1854; repr. Lampeter, 1989).

William of Palerne, ed. Walter W. Skeat, EETS ES 1 (London, 1867). https://archive.org/details/romancewilliamp01skeagoog/page/n8

Women’s Writing in Middle English: An Annotated Anthology, ed. Alexandra Barratt (1992; 2nd edn. Harlow, 2010).

Wyatt, Sir Thomas, The Poetical Works, ed. Charles Cowden Clarke (Edinburgh, 1868). https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/45586/of-the-mean-and-sure-estate

Secondary Texts

(Some well-known reference works are listed by title.)

Baugh, A. C., ‘Improvisation in the Middle English Romance’, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 103.3 (June 1959), 418–54. https://www.jstor.org/stable/985475?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Bennett, H. S., The Pastons and their England, Studies in an Age of Transition (1922; repr. Cambridge, 1975). https://archive.org/details/pastonstheirengl00 bennrich/page/n5

Bennett, J. A. W., edited and completed by Douglas Gray, Middle English Literature (1986; repr. Oxford, 1990).

Bliss, Jane, Naming and Namelessness in Medieval Romance (Cambridge, 2008).

Boklund-Lagopoulou, Karin, ‘I have a yong suster’: popular song and the Middle English lyric (Dublin, 2002).

Burke, Peter, Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe (Aldershot, rev. reprint 1994). https://www.academia.edu/5649330/Peter_Burke_and_popular_culture_in_early_modern_europe

Cawthorne, Nigel, A Brief History of Robin Hood (London, 2010).

Chambers, E. K., The Mediaeval Stage, 2 vols (Oxford, 1903). https://archive.org/details/mediaevalstagevo030649mbp/page/n7 https://archive.org/details/mediaevalstagevo030639mbp/page/n5

Chambers, R. W., ‘The Lost Literature of Medieval England’, The Library, Fourth Series vol. V no 4 (March 1925), 293–321.

Cooper, Helen, The English Romance in Time: Transforming Motifs from Geoffrey of Monmouth to the Death of Shakespeare (Oxford, 2004).

Cooper, Helen, and Sally Mapstone eds, The Long Fifteenth Century: Essays for Douglas Gray, (Oxford, 1997).

Davies, Norman, The Isles: A History (1999; repr. London, 2000).

Dictionary of Medieval Heroes, Willem P. Gerritsen and Anthony G. van Melle, trans. Tanis Guest (Woodbridge, 2000).

Flood, Victoria, Prophecy, Politics and Place in Medieval England: from Geoffrey of Monmouth to Thomas of Erceldoune (Cambridge, 2016).

Gerould, Gordon Hall, The Ballad of Tradition (Oxford, 1932). https://archive.org/details/balladoftraditio007247mbp/page/n7

Gray, Douglas, Later Medieval English Literature (Oxford, 2008).

Gray, Douglas, ‘A Middle English Epitaph’, Notes & Queries n.s. 8 [206] (1961), 132–5.

Gray, Douglas, Robert Henryson (Leiden, 1979).

Gray, Douglas, Simple Forms: Essays on Medieval English Popular Literature (Oxford, 2015).

Green, V. H. H., Bishop Reginald Pecock: A Study in Ecclesiastical History and Thought (Cambridge, 2014).

Huizinga, Johan, Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play-Element in Culture (1949; repr. London, 1980).

The Index of Middle English Verse, Carleton Brown (New York, 1943). See also NIMEV, and the digital version DIMEV. https://archive.org/details/middleeng00brow/page/n5

King, Pamela, ‘Manuscripts, Antiquarians, Editors, and Critics: The Historiography of Reception’, ch. 16 in The Routledge Research Companion to Early Drama and Performance, ed. Pamela King (London, 2016). https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781317043669/chapters/10.4324%2F9781315612898-7

Kittredge, George Lyman, ‘Sir Orfeo’, The American Journal of Philology 7 (1886), 176–202. https://archive.org/details/jstor-287332/page/n1

Mawer, Allen, ‘La Folie in Place-names’, Romania 247 (1936), 378–85. https://www.persee.fr/doc/roma_0035-8029_1936_num_62_247_3806

Neuberg, Victor E., Popular literature: a history and guide (London, 1977).

Oliver, Raymond, Poems Without Names: The English Lyric 1200–1500 (Berkeley, 1970).

Orme, Nicholas, Fleas, Flies, and Friars: Children’s Poetry from the Middle Ages (Exeter, 2011).

Owst, G. R., Literature and Pulpit in Medieval England (1933; revised edn. Oxford, 1961).

The Oxford Concise Companion to Classical Literature (OCCL), eds M. C. Howatson and Ian Chilvers (1993; repr. Oxford, 1996). https://archive.org/stream/oxfordcompaniont030316mbp/oxfordcompaniont030316mbp_djvu.txt

Oxford Dictionary of Saints, David Hugh Farmer (3rd edn. Oxford, 1992).

Sponsler, Claire, Ritual Imports: Performing Medieval Drama in America (Ithaka NY, 2004).

Stewart, Alan, Philip Sidney: A Double Life (London, 2000).

Westwood, Jennifer, and Jacqueline Simpson, eds, The Lore of the Land: A Guide to England’s Legends, from Spring-Heeled Jack to the Witches of Warboys (London, 2005).

Whiting, Bartlett Jere (with Helen Westcott Whiting), Proverbs, Sentences, and Proverbial Phrases from English writings mainly before 1500 (Cambridge MA, 1968).

Wilson, R. M., The Lost Literature of Medieval England (London, 1952).

Wilson, R. M., ‘More Lost Literature of Medieval England’, Leeds Studies in English 5 (1936), 1–49.

1 Online versions of texts are included with each entry where they are available; online versions of primary texts are not always the same edition as the one listed as available in libraries, or the one consulted for this book, and are added for readers’ convenience.