Text © 2020 Philippe Tortell. Copyright of individual chapters is maintained by the chapters’ authors.

Photgraphs © copyright Edward Burtynsky. The photos are published under an ‘all rights reserved’ license and have been reproduced at 72 dpi in the digital editions due to copyright restrictions.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work; to adapt the work and to make commercial use of the work providing attribution is made to the author (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). Attribution should include the following information:

Philippe Tortell (ed.), Earth 2020: An Insider’s Guide to a Rapidly Changing Planet. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers, 2020, https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0193

In order to access detailed and updated information on the license, please visit https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0193#copyright

All external links were active at the time of publication unless otherwise stated and have been archived via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine at https://archive.org/web

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Every effort has been made to identify and contact copyright holders and any omission or error will be corrected if notification is made to the publisher.

ISBN Paperback: 978-1-78374-845-7

ISBN Hardback: 978-1-78374-846-4

ISBN Digital (PDF): 978-1-78374-847-1

ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 978-1-78374-848-8

ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 978-1-78374-849-5

ISBN Digital (XML): 978-1-78374-850-1

DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0193

Cover image: Earthrise (24 December 1968). Photo taken by Apollo 8 crewmember Bill Anders, Wikimedia, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NASA_Earthrise_AS08-14-2383_Apollo_8_1968-12-24.jpg

Cover design: Anna Gatti