© 2022 P.D. Magnus, CC BY 4.0

The URLs given are current as of the writing of this book, except where noted.

Aesthetics for Birds. 2014. ‘August is covers month at AFB’, 1 August <<>> ‘AFB covers contest winners!’, 6 September <<>>

Appel, Nadav. 2018. ‘Pat Boone’s last laugh: Cover versions and the performance of knowledge’, International Journal of Cultural Studies, 21(4): 440–454.

Apple Music style guide. 2021. version 2.1.7, August <<>>

Bartel, Christopher. 2015. ‘The metaphysics of mash-ups’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 73(3): 297–308

. 2017. ‘Rock as a three-value tradition’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 75(2): 143–154

. 2018. ‘The ontology of musical works and the role of intuitions: An experimental study’, European Journal of Philosophy, 26(1): 348–367

Baum, David A. 2009. ‘Species as ranked taxa’, Systematic Biology, 58(1): 74– 86

Beato, Rick. 2019. ‘Top 10 cover songs of all-time’, 30 April <<>>

. 2021. ‘Reacting to the top 10 songs on iTunes. . .BTS WTF?’, 26 May <<>>

Bicknell, Jeanette. 2015. Philosophy of Song and Singing: An Introduction (New York: Routledge)

Billboard. 1955a. ‘There ought to be a law: Lavern Baker seeks bill to halt arrangement “thefts”, 5 March, pp. 13, 18

. 1955b. ‘WINS issues ban on copy records’, 27 August, p. 21

. 1967. ‘Pop spotlight: I was made to love her’, 30 September, p. 82

. 1968. ‘U.S.’ Spanish chart inroads, fall of cover are cited by Milhaud’, 19 October, p. 75

. 1970. ‘Cover record waste —says Janus chief’, 11 July, p. 4

. 1971. ‘Programmers in the news’, 9 January, p. 38

. 1973a. ‘The evolution of children’s records: Rising manufacturing costs endanger low price kiddie disks’, 7 July, p. 40

. 1973b. “Tie a ribbon” answer poses cover query— programmers waiting’, 7 July, p. 29

. 1974. ‘Billboard’s top single picks’, 29 June, p. 78

Blush, Steven. 2010. American Hardcore: A Tribal History, second edition (Feral House)

Boyd, Richard. 1999. ‘Homeostasis, species, and higher taxa’, in Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays, ed. by Robert A. Wilson (Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press), pp. 141–185

Brown, Lee B. 2014. ‘A critique of Michael Rings on covers’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 72(2): 193–195

Brown, Sandy. 1968. ‘Discovering Tiny Tim’, The Listener, 7 November, pp. 622–623

Bruno, Franklin. 2013. ‘A case for song: Against an (exclusively) recording centered ontology of rock’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 71(1): 65–74

Bundy, June. 1961a. ‘Oldie’’ programming move grows’, Billboard, 23 January, pp. 1, 47

. 1961b. ‘DJ’s toast oldie trend’, Billboard, 6 February, pp. 1, 41

. 1961c. ‘Vintage disks stealing show’, Billboard, 17 April, pp. 1, 8

Burkett, Dan. 2015. ‘One song, many works: A pluralist ontology of rock’, Contemporary Aesthetics, 13(13) <<>>

Cappelen, Herman. 2018. Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering (Oxford University Press)

Carnap, Rudolf. 1962. Logical Foundations of Probability, second edition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press)

. 1963. in The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap, ed. by Paul Arthur Schilpp, volume XI of Library of Living Philosophers (La Salle, Illinois: Open Court)

Cashbox. 1957. ‘A new concept of the music business’, 25 May, p. 95

Cooper, B. Lee. 1988. ‘Bear Cats, Chipmunks, and slip-in mules: The “answer song”; in contemporary American recordings, 1950–1985’, Popular Music and Society, 12(3): 57–77

Coplan, Chris. 2015 ‘Update: Tom Petty awarded songwriting royalties for Sam Smith’s “Stay With Me”, Consequence, 29 January <<>>

Covach, John, and Andrew Flory. 2018. What’s that sound?, fifth edition (New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company)

Coyle, Michael. 2002. ‘Hijacked hits and antic authenticity: Cover songs, race, and postwar marketing’, in Rock Over the Edge: Transformations in Popular Music Culture, ed. by Roger Beebe, Denise Fulbrook, and Ben Saunders, editors (Durham: Duke University Press), pp. 133–157

Cummings, Jon. 1994. ‘Shawn Colvin models others’ songs’, Billboard, 9 July, pp. 14, 18

Cusic, Don. 2005. ‘In defense of cover songs’, Popular Music and Society, 28(2): 171–177

Davies, Stephen. 2001. Musical Works and Performances: A Philosophical Exploration (Oxford: Clarendon Press)

DiGangi, Diana. 2019. ‘80s pop star Tiffany reboots nostalgic smash hit “I Think We’re Alone Now”, WLJA, 1 May <<>>

Dodd, Julian. 2007. Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology (Oxford University Press)

Dupré, John. 2021. The Metaphysics of Biology, Elements in the Philosophy of Biology (Cambridge University Press)

Easy Song Team. 2021. ‘What is an “interpolation”?’ <<>>

Edwards, Bob. 2002. ‘Johnny Cash, the Man in Black’s musical journey continues’, 6 November <<>>

Frith, Simon. 1996. Performing rites: On the value of popular music (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press)

Gabler, Milt. 1955. ‘Talent and tunes’, Cashbox, 27 July, p. 2

Gezari, Janet, and Charles Hartman. 2010. ‘Dylan’s covers’, Southwest Review, 95(1/2): 152–166

Ghiselin, Michael T. 1966. ‘On psychologism in the logic of taxonomic controversies’, Systematic Zoology, 15(3): 207–215

. 1974. ‘A radical solution to the species problem’, Systematic Zoology, 23(4): 536–544

. 2009. Metaphysics and classification: Update and overview, Biological Theory, 4(3): 253–259

Glamour. 2018a. ‘Halsey watches fan covers on YouTube — Glamour’, YouTube, November 30 <<>>

. 2018b. ‘Hayley Kiyoko watches fan covers on YouTube — Glamour, YouTube, December 27 <<>>

Gleason, Ralph J. 1973. ‘Perspectives: “cover” versions and their origins’, Rolling Stone, 7 June, p. 7

Goehr, Lydia. 2007. The Imaginary Museum of Musical Works, revised edition (Oxford University Press)

Goldblatt, David. 2013. ‘Nonsense in public places: Songs of black vocal rhythm and blues or doo-wop’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 71(1): 101–110

Goodwin, Daisy. 2012. ‘Venus de Hollywood: Marilyn Monroe at Salvatore Ferragamo Museum’, Newsweek, 27 August <<>>

Gracyk, Theodore. 1996. Rhythm and Noise (Durham and London: Duke University Press)

. 2001. I wanna be me: Rock music and politics of identity (Philadelphia: Temple University Press)

. 2007. ‘Allusions and intentions in popular art’, in Philosophy and the Interpretation of Pop Culture, ed. by William Irwin and Jorge J. E. Gracia (Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield), pp. 65–87

. 2012/3. ‘Covers and communicative intentions’, The Journal of Music and Meaning, 11: 22–46 <<>>

. 2021. ‘The philosophy of jazz, popular music and art’, interview by Richard Marshall <<>>

Greene, Doyle. 2014. The Rock Cover Song: Culture, History, Politics (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company)

Griffths, Dai. 2002. ‘Cover versions and the sound of identity in motion’, in Popular Music Studies, ed. by David Hesmondhalgh and Keith Negus (London: Arnold), pp. 52–64

Haas, Riley. 2020. ‘Michelle Kash takes “Personal Jesus” from sinister to sexy’, Cover Me blog, 23 January <<>>

Hamm, Charles. 1994. ‘Genre, performance and ideology in the early songs of Irving Berlin’, Popular Music, 13(2): 143–150

Hirsch, Lily E. 2020. Weird Al: Seriously (Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield)

Hodge, Will. 2021. ‘Social Distortion’s Mike Ness on his 10 best country-punk covers’, Rolling Stone, 23 March <<>>

Horn, David. 2000. ‘Some thoughts on the work in popular music’, in The Musical Work: Reality or Invention?, ed. by Michael Talbot (Liverpool University Press), pp. 14–34

Hull, David L. 1976. ‘Are species really individuals?’, Systematic Zoology, 25(2): 174–191

. 1978. ‘A matter of individuality’, Philosophy of Science, 45(3): 335–360

Inglis, Ian. 2005. ‘Embassy Records: Covering the market, marketing the cover’, Popular Music and Society, 28(2): 163–170

Irwin, William. 2001. ‘What is an allusion?’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 59(3): 287–297

, ed. 2013. Black Sabbath and Philosophy: Mastering Reality (Chichester, West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons)

JJJ (Triple J). 2021a. ‘Behind JK-47’s “Changes” Like a Version (interview)’, YouTube, 11 February <<>>

. 2021b. ‘Behind Something for Kate’s Taylor Swift Like a Version (interview)’, YouTube, 29 July <<>>

Jones, Gaynor, and Jay Rahn. 1977. ‘Definitions of popular music: Recycled’, The Journal of Aesthetic Education, 11(4): 79–92

Kania, Andrew. 2006. ‘Making tracks: The ontology of rock music’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 64(4): 401–414

. 2020. The Philosophy of Western Music: A Contemporary Introduction (New York and London: Routledge)

Kieran, Matthew. 2008. ‘Why ideal critics are not ideal: Aesthetic character, motivation and value’, The British Journal of Aesthetics, 48(3): 278–294

Kirschner, Tony. 1998. ‘Studying rock: Towards a materialist ethnography’, in Swiss et al., pp. 247–268

Kripke, Saul A. 1972 Naming and Necessity (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press)

Kurp, Josh. 2015 ‘Gwar seamlessly covers Cyndi Lauper’s “She Bop” and the Ramones’ “Blitzkrieg Bop”, Uproxx, 27 October <<>>

Lapriore, Elaine Beebe. 2001. ‘Teen Spirit’’ at 10: An unshakable scent’, The Washington Post, 2 September <<>>

Leddington, Jason P. 2021. ‘Sonic pictures’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 79(3): 354–365

Lenig, Stuart. 2010. ‘David Bowie’s Pin-Ups: Past as prelude’, in Plasketes, pp. 127–136

Leszczak, Bob. 2014. Who Did It First? Great Rock and Roll Cover Songs and Their Original Artists (Plymouth, UK: Rowman & Littlefield)

Light, Alan. 2012. The Holy or the Broken (New York: Atria Books)

Londergan, Tim. 2018. ‘Oh boy! Sonny West; the Crickets; Brian Setzer’, Tim’s Cover Story, 5 November <<>>

Lucifer. 2018. ‘The last heartbreak’, season 3, episode 18

Mag Uidhir, Christy. 2007. ‘Recordings as performances’, British Journal of Aesthetics, 47(3): 298–314

Magnus, Cristyn, P.D. Magnus, and Christy Mag Uidhir. 2013. ‘Judging covers’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 71(4): 361–370

Magnus, Cristyn, P.D. Magnus, Christy Mag Uidhir, and Ron McClamrock. 2022. ‘Appreciating covers’, Nordic Journal of Aesthetics

Magnus, P.D. 2008. ‘Mag Uidhir on performance’, The British Journal of Aesthetics, 48(3): 338–345

. 2012. Scientific Enquiry and Natural Kinds: From Planets to Mallards (Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan)

. 2013. ‘Historical individuals like Anas platyrhynchos and “Classical gas”, in Art & Abstract Objects, ed. by Christy Mag Uidhir (Oxford University Press) pp. 108–124

Malawey, Victoria. 2014. ‘Find out what it means to me’’: Aretha Franklin’s gendered re-authoring of Otis Redding’s “Respect”, Popular Music, 33(2): 185–207

McCormick, Neil. 2007. ‘Paul Anka: One song the Sex Pistols won’t be singing’, The Daily Telegraph, 8 November, p. 29

McDonald, Tom. 2021. ‘Good, Better, Best: The Smiths’ “How Soon Is Now?”, Cover Me, 15 March <<>>

McLean, Don. 2004. ‘On the incorrect use of the term “cover”, 26 August, web page recovered via the Internet Archive <<>> archived at <<>>

McLeish, Claire E. A. 2020. “All Samples Cleared!”: The Legacy of Grand Upright v. Warner in Hip-hop, 1988–1993, PhD thesis, Schulich School of Music, McGill University, Department of Music Research, April

Metcalf, Greg. 2010. ‘The same yet different/different yet the same: Bob Dylan under the cover of covers’, in Plasketes, pp. 177–187

Mill, John Stuart. 1873 (2003). Autobiography (Project Gutenberg) <<>>

Millikan, Ruth Garrett. 1984. Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism (Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press)

Montgomery, James. 2007. ‘Wu-Tang Clan’s “first-ever cleared Beatles sample” claim is incorrect’, MTV News, 3 October <<>>

Mosser, Kurt. 2008. “Cover songs”: Ambiguity, multivalence, polysemy’, Popular Musicology Online, 2 <<>>

Nado, Jennifer. 2021. ‘Conceptual engineering, truth, and efficacy’, Synthese, 198(7): 1507–1527

NRPB, National Recording Preservation Board. 2018. ‘Registry titles with descriptions and expanded essays’, Library of Congress <<>>

Neely, Adam. 2021. ‘Did Olivia Rodrigo steal from Paramore?’, YouTube, 30 August <<>>

NY Times. 1976. ‘George Harrison guilty of plagiarizing, subconsciously, a ’62 tune for a ’70 hit’, 8 September, p. 42

Noonan, Tom. 1965. ‘Cover war raging—with share-the-wealth twist’, Billboard, 27 February, pp. 1, 10

Nussbaum, Charles O. 2007. The Musical Representation: Meaning, Ontology, and Emotion (Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press)

. 2021. ‘Ontology’, in The Oxford Handbook of Western Music and Philosophy, ed. by Tomás McAuley, Nanette Nielsen, and Jerrold Levinson (Oxford University Press) pp. 325–344

Padgett, Ray. 2017. Cover Me: The Stories Behind the Greatest Cover Songs of All Time (New York: Sterling)

. 2020. I’m Your Fan: The Songs of Leonard Cohen (Sterling, Bloomsbury Academic)

Plasketes, George, ed. 2010. Play it again: Cover songs in popular music (Ashgate)

Plaugic, Lizzie. 2015. ‘Sounds like a hit: the numbers game behind Spotify cover songs’, The Verge, 8 September <<>>

Polite, Brandon. forthcoming. ‘Taylor Swift, Fearless (Taylor’s Version)’, Bloomsbury Contemporary Aesthetics

Popdose Staff. 2011. ‘The Popdose 100: The greatest cover songs of all time’, 31 August <<>>

Prato, Paolo. 2007. ‘Selling Italy by the sound: Cross-cultural interchanges through cover records’, Popular Music, 26(3): 441–462

Prinz, Jesse. 2014. ‘The aesthetics of punk rock’, Philosophy Compass, 9(9): 583–593

Proximo, Dr. 2017. ‘Songs you didn’t know were covers’, 27 August <<>> 2008. ‘Bob Dylan’, The Pulitzer Prizes <<>>

Putman, Daniel A. 1982. ‘Natural kinds and human artifacts’, Mind, 91(363): 418–419

Putnam, Hilary. 1975. ‘The meaning of “meaning”’, in Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science, volume VII, ed. by Keith Gunderson (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press), pp. 131–193

Richard, Steven. 2018. ‘Chris Cornell mashed up U2 and Metallica’s “One”, Unruly Stowaway, 16 September <<>>

Rings, Michael. 2013. ‘Doing it their way: Rock covers, genre, and appreciation’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 71(1): 55–63

Rivers, Tony. 2007. ‘Top of the Pops’, personal website recovered via the Internet Archive <<>> archived at <<>>

Rohrbaugh, Guy. 2003. ‘Artworks as historical individuals’, European Journal of Philosophy, 11(2): 177–205

Rolling Stone. 2011. ‘Rolling Stone readers pick the top 10 greatest cover songs’, 2 March <<>>

. 2012. ‘Def Leppard re-recording “forgeries” of old hits’, 13 July <<>>

. 2021. ‘500 greatest songs of all time’, 15 September <<>>

Ross, Stephanie. 1981. ‘Art and allusion’, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 40(1): 59–70

Siese, April. 2016. ‘The mystery man who turns every song into Smash Mouth’s “All Star”, Daily Dot, 21 October <<>>

Simon, Bill. 1949. ‘Small labels’ ingenuity and skill pay off’, Billboard, 3 December, pp. 3, 13, 18

Simpson, Dave. 2019. ‘How we made I think we’re alone now: Tommy James and Tiffany on their shared hit’, The Guardian, 30 July <<>>

Snow, Mat. 1988. ‘Leonard Cohen: Cohen’s way’, The Guardian, February, archived at Rock’s Backpages

Solis, Gabriel. 2010. ‘I did it my way: Rock and the logic of covers’, Popular Music and Society, 33(3): 297–318

Sparks, Hannah. 2021. ‘Olivia Rodrigo adds Paramore writing credit to “Good 4 U”, New York Post, 25 August <<>>

St. Pierre, Roger. 1975. ‘Worries of the Warwick sisters’, New Musical Express, 12 July

Swiss, Thomas, John Sloop, and Andrew Herman, ed. 1998. Mapping the beat: Popular music and contemporary theory (Blackwell)

Telegraph. 2004. ‘They did it their way’, the Telegraph’s music critics select the 50 best cover versions ever recorded, The Telegraph, 20 November,

Thomerson, John P. 2017. Parody as a Borrowing Practice in American Music, 1965–2015, PhD thesis, University of Cincinnati, Division of Composition, Musicology, and Theory

Travers, Mary. 1975. ‘Mary Travers and friend’, aired on KNX-FM (Los Angeles) 20 April; printed in Dylan on Dylan, ed. by Jeff Burger (Chicago Review Press) 2018

Treble Staff. 2018. ‘The top 100 cover songs’, Treble, 25 July <<>>

Velez, Denise Oliver. 2021. ‘On original Black music, successful white cover songs, and a culture of covetousness and cruelty’, Daily Kos, 27 June <<>>

Wald, Elijah. 2009. How the Beatles destroyed Rock ’n’ Roll: An alternative history of American popular music (Oxford University Press)

Weinstein, Deena. 1998. ‘The history of rock’s pasts through covers’, in Swiss et al., pp. 137–151.

. ‘Appreciating cover songs: Stereophony’, in Plasketes, pp. 243–251

What The France. 2020. ‘Once upon a song : The story of “Comme d’habitude”, which became the international hit “My way”, What the France, 11 June <<>>

Willman, Chris. 2021. ‘Taylor Swift’s “Fearless (Taylor’s version)” debuts huge: What it means for replicating oldies, weaponizing fans’, Variety, 20 April <<>>

Woolworths. 2017. ‘Embassy records: The cover story’, The Woolworths Museum <<>>

Zak, Albin J., III. 2001. The Poetics of Rock: Cutting Tracks, Making Records (Berkeley: University of California Press)

. 2010. I Don’t Sound Like Nobody: Remaking Music in 1950s America (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press)

Zollo, Paul. 2012. Conversations With Tom Petty (Omnibus Press)

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